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 Food Safety


Oklahoma Produce Safety Program
The FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) was signed into law on January 4, 2011. It aims to ensure the U.S. food supply is safe by shifting the focus of federal regulators from responding to contamination to preventing it. Part of this new law created rules for produce growers intended to reduce the possibility of contamination of fruits and vegetables that are often eaten raw.

The Oklahoma Department of Agriculture, Food, and Forestry is working with FDA through a cooperative agreement to advance efforts for a nationally integrated food safety system. ODAFF will work to promote understanding and compliance with the requirements of FDA’s “Standards for the Growing, Harvesting, Packing and Holding of Produce for Human Consumption” (commonly referred to as the Produce Safety Rule) for farmers in Oklahoma.

What does the FDA define as Produce?
Produce is defined as any fruit or vegetable (including mixes of intact fruits and vegetables) and includes mushrooms, sprouts (irrespective of seed source), peanuts, tree nuts, and herbs. The definition of a vegetable includes the harvested part of any plant or fungus whose fruit, fleshy fruiting bodies, seeds, roots, tubers, bulbs, stems, leaves, or flower parts are used as food. Produce does not include food grains meaning the small, hard fruits or seeds of arable crops that are primarily grown and processed for use as meal, flour, baked goods, cereals and oils. Examples of food grains include barley, dent- or flint-corn, sorghum, oats, rice, rye, wheat, amaranth, quinoa, buckwheat, and oilseeds (e.g., cotton seed, flax seed, rapeseed, soybean, and sunflower seed).

How do I know if I am covered or exempt from the law?
Below is a decision tree to help you determine if you are covered or exempt. Please contact us if you have any questions or need any clarification.

When will you need to be in compliance with the produce safety rule?
Below is a timeline of when farms will begin their inspection, based on size of the farm determined by the average amount of produce sales.

Produce Safety Learning Opportunities
We are working with the experts at the Robert M. Kerr Food and Agricultural Products Center at Oklahoma State University to teach the Produce Safety Alliance curriculum for growers across the state. For the currently scheduled classes, visit

On-Farm Readiness Reviews will be available starting in early 2018, and will be prioritized for those farms that will be required to be inspected first. In an On-Farm Readiness Review, an Extension specialist or subject matter expert and an inspector will visit your farm at your request to help you identify what you may need to do to improve produce safety on your farm. The farmer will keep all notes and records from this visit as it will not be an official inspection. The farmer also will have the option to work through this tool themselves without assistance.

Contact Information
Justin McConaghy, ODAFF Produce Safety Program Coordinator

Helpful links
  • Robert M. Kerr Food and Agricultural Products Center
  • Produce Safety Alliance
  • FDA Produce Safety Rule
  • Fact Sheet: Developing a Food Safety Plan for your Fresh Produce Operation
  • Fact Sheet: Fresh Produce Production Food Safety Plan Logs and Worksheets

  • Funding for this publication was made possible, in part, by the Food and Drug Administration through grant PAR-16-137. The views expressed in written materials or publications and by speakers and moderators do not necessarily reflect the official policies of the Department of Health and Human Services; nor does any mention of trade names, commercial practices, or organization imply endorsement by the United States Government.

    2800 N. Lincoln Blvd., Oklahoma City, OK 73105, Ph. (405)521-3864, Fax (405)522-3864
    2800 N. Lincoln Blvd., Oklahoma City, OK 73105, Ph. (405)521-3864, Fax (405)522-3864
    2800 N. Lincoln Blvd., Oklahoma City, OK 73105, Ph. (405)521-3864, Fax (405)522-3864